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2021年济南中考英语模拟试题及答案

2021-04-08 13:20:09文/董玉莹

济南市2021年九年级学业水平测试模拟试题

英 语 试 题

本试题分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分,满分150分。考试时间为120分钟。

答卷前,请考生务必将自己的姓名、座号和准考证号填写在答题卡上,并同时将考点、姓名、准考证号和座号填写在试卷规定的位置。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第I卷(选择题 共105分)

注意事项:

每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑;如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。

I.听力测试

A)听录音,从每组句子中选出一个你所听到的句子。每个句子听一遍。(7.5分)

1.A.Will there be more or less pollution in Jinan? B.Every home will have a robot in the future.

C.There will be robots in people’s home?

2.A.Did you go shopping last weekend? B.I’m going to learn swing dance with Ann.

C.If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time.

3.A.You can’t wear jeans to the party. B.I’d like a pair of jeans for my daughter.

C.I didn’t go to the basketball match.

4.A.Was your brother playing computer game when you came in?

B.I played computer games on weekend without moving in the same way.

C.The boy was walking down the street when a UFO arrived.

5.A.What do you think will happen in the world soon? B.What do you think of soap operas?

C.Where are you going for vacation?

B)在录音中,你将听到五段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从每小题A、B、C中选出能回 答所给问题的正确答案。每段对话听两遍。(7.5分)

6.Are there any letters, Fang Ming, please?

A.No, there are none. B.Yes, there are only three. C.Yes,there is one left.

7. I heard you keep a scary pet.

A.No, I have a cat . B.Yes, I have a snake. C.Yes,I have a hamster.

8. What was your sister doing when you got home last night?

A.She was doing her homework. B.She was doing her housework.

C.She was doing chores after work.

9.Do you know the man over there?

A.He is Mr. Morrison, our new teacher. B.He is Mr. Jones,our teacher.

C.He is Jackson Smith, our favorite singer.

10. What’s wrong with him?

A.Nothing wrong. He is tired after a long work

B.Nothing wrong. He watched TV last night. So he is tired

C.Nothing wrong. He watered the flowers last night. So he is tired.

C)在录音中,你将听到一段对话,对话后有五个小题,从每小题A、B、C中选出能回答所给问题的正确答案。对话听两遍。(听对话前,你将有40秒钟的读题时间;听完后,你将有40秒钟的做题时间)(7.5分)

11.Who is Lucy going to see?

A.Jim’s uncle. B.Jim’s friend. C.Her uncle.

12.Where does Lucy’s uncle live?

A.In Shenyang. B.In Shenzhen. C.In Nanyang.

13.How will Lucy go there?

A.By train. B.By plane. C.By car.

14.What clothes is Lucy going to take?

A.Some cool clothes B.Some warm clothes C.Some expensive clothes

15.When is Lucy going to see her uncle?

A.On Friday B.On Saturday C.On Sunday

D)在录音中,你将听到一段对话,对话后有五个小题,从每小题A、B、C中选出能回答所给问题的正确答案。对话听两遍。(听对话前,你将有40秒钟的读题时间;听完后,你将有40秒钟的做题时间)(7.5分)

16.Where will people spend their holidays?

A.In big cities B.At home. C.On the moon.

17.What will we have in our home?

A.Robots. B.Computers. C.TVs.

18.Why will women have more free time?

A.Because they won’t go to work. B.Because they won’t do housework.

C.Because they won’t look after babies .

19.Will people be able to do shopping at home?

A.Yes, they will. B.No, they won’t. C.Yes, they do.

20.How can children study at home?

A.Children can study with teachers. B.Children can study on TV.

C.Children can study on the radio.

Ⅱ.选择填空从每题人、B、C、D四个选项中,洗出一个最佳答案。(15分)

21.—Scott, why didn't you come yesterday?

—I was going to, but I had ________ unexpected visitor.

A. a B. an C. the D. 不填

22.—I can’t find my pet dog.Did you see it ?

—No. But ______________one in front of the post office just now.

A.This was B.It was C.There was D.There had

23.It’s raining outside.I don’t think____________will come to school this morning.

A.everyone B.someone C.anyone D.no one

24.—Where is Frank?

—He _________ to music in his room.

A. listens B. is listening C. listened D. was listening

25.—Do you come to New York for the _______of seeing your friends or doing business?

—I come here on business.

A. interest B. suggestion C. purpose D. thought

26.—What's this?

—It's a new invention. It is used _______________us light.

A. giving B. for giving C. to giving D. for give

27.—Excuse me, can you give me a ride to the bank?

—__________. I’m just going there to get some money.

A. With pleasure B. Have a good time C. Never mind D. No way

28.David felt very happy.________,it was his first time to have a party in our class for him.

A. At least B. After all C. At once D. At all

29.Even though we’re in difficult times, we need to keep hope ______.

A. fresh B. real C. alive D. close

30.Please________some of after-school classes. You are too tired to have enough sleep.

A.cut up B. cut down C.cut off D.cut out

31.—_____ excellent work you have done!

—It’s very kind of you to say so.

A. How B. How an C. What an D. What

32.Nowadays,Wechat makes_________more convenient to communicate with friends.

A.that B.this C.it D.its

33.________water and energy every day,we pay more attention to small steps in life,such as turning off the lights and the water taps at once.

A.Save B.To save C.Saving D.Saved

34.—How long have you ?

—For almost three years.

A. left your hometown B. known your English teacher

C. gone to Beijing D. opened the flower shop

35.—I'm going to give a talk on the Dragon Boat Festival to the exchange students.

—Great! But don't forget to tell them ___________ .

A. what should they eat at the festival B. why people enjoy the full moon

C. what kind of race is often held D. how do people celebrate it

Ⅲ.完形填空阅读知文,从每题人、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个能填入文章中相应空 白处的最佳答案。(15分)

36.A.finally B.quickly C.luckily D.immediately

37.A.painted B.guarded C.refused D.describe

38.A.it B.him C.her D.them

39.B.water B.eat C.sell D.cook

40.B.tired B.shy C.sorry D.nervous

41.A.so B.if C.while D.unless

42.A.waited for B.picked up C.pointed at D.looked aft

43.A.hated B.forgot C.saved D.thanked

44.A.friends B.children C.visitors D.neighbors

45.A.bored B.silly C.afraid D.surprised

46.A.alone B.sadly C.together D.instead

47.A.safe B.tasty C.famous D.expensive

48.A.tradition B.standard C.happiness D.background

49.A.live B.agree C.work D.share

50.A.meat B.bread C.fruits D.drinks

IV.补全对话阅读对话,从每是人、B、C、D四个洗项中,选出一个最住答案完成对话。(5分)

A: Hi, Tom! You look so happy today.

B: Oh, yes. Guess what? My best friend Ben is coming.

A: Oh, really? 51_______________

B: Tomorrow. I can't wait to see him. We haven't seen each other for almost a year.

A: 52 __________________

B: For about two weeks.

A: What's he like?

B: He's quite outgoing and really friendly. 53 __________________

A: What does he look like?

B: 54 _____________ He's good at basketball. He hopes to be a professional player when he

grows up.

A: Could we play basketball together?

B:55 __________________________

51. A. When is he arriving? B. What's his name?

C. Where is he from? D. What's the matter?

52. A. Who is he coming with? B. How old is he?

C. What did he plan to do? D. How long will he stay here?

53. A. I'm sure he can come soon. B. I'm sure you'll be friends soon.

C. I'd like to be a player. D. I'd like to come with you.

54. A. He collects coins. B. He's good with children.

C. He's tall and strong. D. He plays chess every week.

55. A. Sure. B. Thank you.

C. Good idea. D. Never mind.

V.阅读理解阅读下列短文,从每题A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个能回答所提问题 或完成所给句子的最佳答案。(40分)

A

It was Mother’s Day. John was so busy with his work that he couldn’t go back home. When he passed by a flower shop in the evening, an idea came to his mind. “I’ll send Mum some roses (玫瑰).”

While John was picking his flowers, a young man went inside. “How many roses can I get for only five dollars, Madam?” he asked. The salesgirl told him roses were as expensive as forty dollars a dozen (一打). Maybe he would be happy with carnations(康乃馨). She told him they were much cheaper than roses.

“No, I have to have red roses,” he said, “My mum was badly ill last year and I didn’t spend much time with her. Now I want to get something special. It has to be roses. Roses are her favorite.”

After hearing this, John said he would pay the rest of the money for the young man. Moved by both of them, the salesgirl said, “Well, lovely young men, thirty dollars a dozen, only for you two.” Taking the roses, the young man jumped with joy. He thanked John, and ran out of the shop. It was well worth twenty-five dollars John paid to see the exciting moment. Then John paid for his dozen of roses and told the salesgirl to send them to his mother.

As he walked out, he felt nice. Suddenly he saw the young man crossing the street and going into a park. But soon he realized it was not a park but a cemetery(墓地). Crying, the young man carefully laid the roses, “Mum, oh, Mum, why didn’t I tell you how much I loved you? God, please help me find my mum and tell her I love her.”

Seeing this, John turned and quickly walked back to the shop. He would take the flowers home himself.

56. John couldn’t go back home on Mother’s day because ___________.

A. his home was too far away B. his mother was in another city

C. he had too much work to do D. he was busy looking for a job

57. The salesgirl wanted the young man to buy carnations because ___________.

A. they cost much less than roses B. they were more beautiful than roses

C. they could make him happier D. they were special flowers for mothers

58. John spent ___________ in total for the roses.

A. $ 25 B. $ 35 C. $ 55 D. $ 75

59. According to the story, which of the following is true about the young man?

A. he asked his friends to help him find his mother.

B. he went home and gave the red roses to his mother.

C. h

IMG_256

e dropped a few roses when he was crossing the street.

D. he could never see his mother again because she had died.

60. What does the writer of this story mainly want to tell us?

A. Send some roses to your mother on Mother’s Day.

B. Show your love to your mother before it’s too late.

C. It is difficult to buy roses cheaply in a flower shop.

D. Mother’s Day is an important holiday around the world.

B

Americans use many expressions with the word dog.

People in the United States love their dogs and treat them well. They take their dogs for walks, let them play outside and give them good food and medical care. However, dogs without owners to care for them lead a different kind of life. The expression, to lead a dog's life, describes a person who has an unhappy existence.

Some people say we live in a dog-eat-dog world. That means many people are competing for the same things, like good jobs. They say that to be successful, a person has to work like a dog. This means they have to work very, very hard. Such hard work can make people dog-tired. And, the situation would be even worse if they became sick as a dog. Still, people say every dog has its day. This means that every person enjoys a successful period during his or her life. To be successful, people often have to learn new skills. Yet, some people say that you can never teach an old dog new tricks. They believe that older people do not like to learn new things and will not change the way they do things.

A junkyard is not a fun place for a dog. Many dogs in the United States sleep in safe little houses near their owners’ home. These doghouses provide shelter. Yet they can be cold and lonely in inter. Husbands and wives use this doghouse term when they are angry at each other. For example, a woman might get angry at her husband for coming home late or forgetting their wedding anniversary. She might tell him that he is in the doghouse. She may not treat him nicely until he apologizes. However, the husband may decide that it is best to leave things alone and not create more problems. He might decide to let sleeping dogs lie.

Dog expressions also are used to describe the weather. The dog days of summer are the hottest days of the year. A rainstorm may cool the weather. But we do not want it to rain too hard. We do not want it to rain cats and dogs.

61. How many expressions about dog are mentioned in the passage?

A. Seven. B. Eight. C. Nine. D. Ten.

62. Which of the following sentences can explain “Tom leads a dog’s life” ?

A. He works very hard. B. He enjoys a successful period during his life.

C. He does not like to learn new things. D. He lives unhappily.

63. When Mary gets angry at her husband for coming home late, she may_____.

A. teach an old dog new tricks. B. tell him that he is in the doghouse.

C. let sleeping dogs lie. D. live in a dog-eat-dog world.

64. When it rains cats and dogs, what should we do?

A. Save the dogs and cats. B. Have a cold drink.

C. Take an umbrella. D. Go to the outside.

65. What’s the best title of the passage?

A. Americans like dogs. B. How to keep dogs.

C. Expressions about dogs D. A lucky dog.

C

We often find that weekends and holidays feel so short while classes and work feel so long. Actually, though, we know that this is not true.But we still wonder where that strange feeling comes from.In fact, this is one of the ways that we,re tricked by time, according to the website All That Is Interesting.The website lists several wrong impressions we often have about time.Let's have a look. First of all, emotions affect our time-keeping abilities: Negative emotions, especially anxiety and boredom, make time seem longer because they make us concentrate more on the passage of time .However, when we are enjoying ourselves, we pay more attention to what we are doing and are likely to lose track of(失去对...的意识)time.

Here is another example. In 2007, a group of scientists carried out a test. In the test, people fell 50 meters into a safety net and were then asked about their experience. Although the experience took shorter than 3 seconds, the people thought it was much longer than it actually was.

This is because of the way our bodies reply to danger, according to the scientists. Our bodies produce a chemical called adrenaline (肾上腺素) when we are faced with danger. It allows us to concentrate better so that we can stay alive. As a result, we are able to remember far more details(细节)over a short period of time, which makes it seem like time is going more slowly.

Another situation when we make mistakes about time is when we take afternoon naps(午觉). Have you ever had trouble telling what time it is after a long nap? That's because the best amount of time for a nap is 20 minutes. After 20 minutes, you enter a new stage of sleep called slow-wave sleep. If you wake up mid-way in this stage, it will take a while before you can correctly perceive(感知) time again.Yes, time can be mysterious and there is no way to control it So, perhaps the best thing to do is to make good use of every minute.

66.According to the passage, what possibly makes people feel so long?

A.weekends and holidays B.weekends and work. C.classes and work D.holidays and work

67.Which will not affect our time-keeping abilities according to the website listing?

A.negative emotions B.positive emotions C.adrenaline D.scientists

68.According to the passage, in which situation don’t we make mistakes about time?

A.We wake up after a long nap.

B.We fall down from a high place.

C. We have many problems left in the test paper, but the time is up

D.We go to school on the school bus as usual on weekdays

69.According to the passage, what will NOT happen when we are faced with danger?

A.Our bodies will produce a chemical called adrenaline.

B.We are able to feel that time seems to go more slowly.

C.Adrenaline will make us concentrate better to stay alive.

D.We will forget far more details over a short period of time.

70.Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?

A.Negative emotions make time seem longer

B.We feel like time is going more slowly while having fun.

C.Time can be mysterious and there is no way to control it.

D.If we wake up mid-way after a long nap, maybe we can't correctly perceive time again soon.

planning and testing several prize programs. “Luckily, the scientific method allows us to examine most of those biases and let the data do the talking. ” In the cash programs being studied, Roland Fryer and other economists compare the school performance of groups of students who are paid and students who are not. In the study, they find that the students who are prized get higher grades on the SAT and go to better colleges than those who are

not.

However, many psychologists believe that early data can be one­sided. Research suggests that prizes may

work in the short term but have bad influences in the long term.

“Are they highly interested in what they are doing? Or does it feel like hard work? The same prize program might have different influences on different kinds of students,” said Kirabo Jackson, a famous psychologist at

Cornell University. “The higher the prize is, the more harmful the result might be. ”

71.The underlined word “undermine” in Paragraph 1 most probably means “ ”.

A.understand B.examine C.kill D.protect

72.From Paragraph 2 and Paragraph 3, we can learn that .

A.the students' parents welcome prize programs

B.prize programs are getting popular in many cities

C.the government provides money for prize programs

D.all the education researchers support prize programs

73.According to Roland Fryer and other economists' study, students who are paid .

A.have more scientific methods

B.like to discuss with other students

C.always cheat in examinations

D.have better performance at school

74.The passage mainly tells us .

A.how to use prizes to encourage the students

B.different opinions on giving students prizes

C.how to make students study hard in schools

D.bad results caused by some prize programs

75.What does the writer think of prize programs?

A.He doesn't mention it. B.He thinks they are harmful.

C.He thinks they are great. D.He doesn't care about them.

非选择题部分 共45分

Ⅵ.选词填空(10分)

A)阅读短文,从方框中选择适当的单词填空(每词限用一次),

IMG_256

Good morning, everyone.Standing here, I know it's time to say goodbye.When I look back to the past three years, many beautiful 76.__________rush to my mind.When I walk by classrooms, it seems that the lessons will 77._________stop.I can't forget the sunshine coming in 78._________the windows.I can't forget the library where I used to go.I can't forget tidy,uniforms and lovely smiles.I'll remember the important people who helped and supported me-my teachers and my friends.These moments are so 79._________ that I feel like sharing them with you.

80._________we have to go our different ways now, I hope we can value the happy time we spent together.My dear school, I love you, forever.

B.阅读短文,从方框中选择适当的动词,并用其适当形式填空。有的需要加助动词或不式符号(每词限用一次)。

B.作文:(20分)

许多学习生活中的烦恼都会使人产生压力,为了更好地发现及解决同学们中存在的心理压力问题,你们班特意开展了一次以"Less Pressure, Better Life"为主题的英语演讲比赛,请你准备发言稿,谈谈你的一些缓解压力的好办法,与同学分享。

内容包括:

(1) 同学们中普遍存在的压力是什么;

(2) 你自己的压力是什么;

(3) 你是如何成功缓解压力的。

注 意:

1.文中不得出现真实的姓名和校名。

2.词数80-100词左右。首句和结尾句已给出,不计入总词数。

Less Pressure, Better Life

Hello, boys and girls!

Pressure is becoming a serious problem in today’s world. Students in my class______________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________

That’s all. Thank you!

答案:

听力测试:1-5BCAAB 6-10BBAAC 11-15CAABC 16-20 CABAB

单项选择:21-25.BCABC 26-30.BABCD 31-35.DCBDC

完形填空:36-40 CBDAB. 41-45 ACBDB. 46-50 ABCDC

补全对话:51-55.ADBCA

阅读理解:56-60. CACDB 61-65.DDBCC 66-70.CDDDB 71-75.CBDBA

选词填空:76.memories 77.never 78.through 79.unforgettable 80.Although

81.have lived 82. wearing 83. was asked 84. to make 85. will win

七选五: 86-90.GCBA E

书面表达:

A.情景运用

91.It was 7:30 in the evening.

92.How many people are there in Tom’s family?

93.What was Tom’s father doing while his mother was making a call?

94.Sh/Tom’s sister had /was having fun playing with the cat.

95.The life in Tom's family is very relaxing .

B.作文:

Less Pressure, Better Life

Hello, boys and girls!

Pressure is becoming a serious problem in today’s world. Students in my class are under too much pressure.Some students can’t get on well with their classmates, others may worry about their exams.

I am always under pressures,too.My parents want me to be the top students in class. So they send me to all kinds of after-school classes on weekends. Last Monday evening, I had a talk with my mother. I told her I was not lazy . I really felt tired. I needed time to relax and I was able to manage myself,I really knew what I must do.My mother agreed with me at last.So I think a conversation with parents is necessary to solve the problem.

That’s all. Thank you!

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